Honey is deemed as one of the most favorite foods throughout the world and it is used in different kinds of meals like beverages, smoothies, bakery products, and even more. However, there is a complete process that initiates from harvest until the extraction, and below is a quick guide that will take you over the procedure.
Each duration of harvesting period for honey is called nectar flow time and only in Europe, there are two nectar flows where one goes from the middle of April to May while the second one starts from June all the way to August and until September. For optimal production, the purpose is to have a formidable hive that can benefit the flows and bees to store surplus nectar for conversion to honey.
Step 1: Super clearance:
There is more than one way of clearing up the super where you could place the clearing board on top of Queen Excluder and return within 2 days for collection. You can also take out each frame individually to brush the bees back into the hive. Another option is to use the bee repellent as well.
Step 2: Getting the right temperature for honey:
The ideal heat to make honey goes from 20 to 27 degree centigrade whereas, anything above 32C makes the wax too soft and if the temperature is colder than 18C then could get hard and you might struggle in extraction. Harvesting before mid-August tends to prevent any problems with the warming of honey and if left till late cold weather, the results might not meet your expectations.
Step 3: Uncapping of the honey:
The appropriate approach is to use a serrated knife for the purpose of cutting through the thin layer of wax cappings and for that you can either utilize any conventional or even a heated knife. With little care, the wax cappings tend to peel themselves off and you can place them in a strainer with a bowl to accumulate more honey.
Step 4: Extraction of the honey:
Now in this step, put the supers in an extractor and ensure that the longest part of the frame is closer to the outer part or else it could be imbalanced. This way, the honey sticks on the sides and slides down on the extractor.
Step 5: Pouring of the honey & settling:
For this purpose, you would need the help of a filter as you will need to pour the honey from the extractor via a filter to a tank or bucket. You would need to rest the freshly gotten honey for at least 24 hours to figure out bubbles that rise up on top of it. You can separate those bubbles and keep the honey for your own usage. Ideal practice is to use honey tank because of its filler cap and you can also utilize another finer to get rid of solid surface or bubbles.
Honey in the markets:
Despite the fact that honey is not deemed as a rare food item and can be available in conventional stores and markets but at the same time, having to find it in its purest form is still not less than a challenge. Most frequently, it gets packed in such jars which are made up of plastic or glass in 400 to 500g, whereas, different nations and countries have their own domestic culture for marketing & consumption of honey. Similarly, people living in multiple cultures have even used honey for healing purposes or curing of numerous disorders as well. It is because honey tends to be naturally enriched with such properties that its combination with other medications or herbs could prove to be the great benefactor of human beings.